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Excel VBA Last Row, Last Column, Last Cell

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Today I am going to take on one of the most frequent question people ask about Excel VBA – how to the the last row, column or cell of a spreadsheet using VBA. The Worksheet range used by Excel is not often the same as the Excel last row and column with values. Therefore I will be careful to explain the differences and nuisances in our quest to find the last row, column or cell in and Excel spreadsheet.

CONTENTS

VBA Last Row

The Last Row may as be interpreted as:

Last Row in a Column

vba last row
Last Row in a Column

To get the Last Row with data in a Column we need to use the End property of an Excel VBA Range.

Dim lastRow as Range

'Get Last Row with Data in Column
Debug.Print Range("A1").End(xlDown).Row 'Result: 5
Set lastRow = Range("A1").End(xlDown).EntireRow

'Get Last Cell with Data in Row
Dim lastRow as Range
Set lastRow = Range("A1").End(xlDown)

Last Row with Data in Worksheet

vba last used row
Last Used Row with Data in Worksheet

To get the Last Row with data in a Worksheet we need to use the SpecialCells or Find properties of an Excel VBA Range.

Dim lastRow as Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet

'Get Last Row with Data in Worksheet using SpecialCells
Debug.Print ws.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell).Row
Set lastRow = ws.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell).EntireRow 

'Get Last Row with Data in Worksheet using Find
Debug.Print Debug.Print ws.Cells.Find(What:="*", _
        After:=ws.Cells(1), _
        Lookat:=xlPart, _
        LookIn:=xlFormulas, _
        SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _
        SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _
        MatchCase:=False).Row
Set lastRow = Debug.Print ws.Cells.Find(What:="*", _
        After:=ws.Cells(1), _
        Lookat:=xlPart, _
        LookIn:=xlFormulas, _
        SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _
        SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _
        MatchCase:=False).EntireRow

Last Row in Worksheet UsedRange

vba last used row usedrange
Last Used Row in Worksheet UsedRange

To get the Last Row in the Worksheet UsedRange we need to use the UsedRange property of an VBA Worksheet.

'Get Last Row in Worksheet UsedRange
Dim lastRow as Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet
Debug.Print ws.UsedRange.Rows(ws.UsedRange.Rows.Count).Row
Set lastRow = ws.UsedRange.Rows(ws.UsedRange.Rows.Count).EntireRow
The UsedRange represents a Range used by an Excel Worksheet. The Used Range starts at the first used cell and ends with the most right, down cell that is used by Excel. This last cell does not need to have any values or formulas as long as it was edited or formatted in any point in time

VBA Last Column

The Last Column may as be interpreted as:

Last Column with Data in a Row

vba last column
Last Column in Row

To get the Last Column with data in a Row we need to use the End property of an Excel VBA Range.

Dim lastColumn as Range

'Get Last Column with Data in Row
Debug.Print Range("A1").End(xlRight).Row 'Result: 5
Set lastColumn = Range("A1").End(xlRight).EntireColumn

'Get Last Cell with Data in Column
Dim lastColumn as Range
Set lastColumn = Range("A1").End(xlRight)

Last Column with Data in Worksheet

vba last used column
Last Column with Data in a Worksheet

To get the Last Column with data in a Worksheet we need to use the SpecialCells or Find properties of an Excel VBA Range.

Dim lastColumn as Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet

'Get Last Column with Data in Worksheet using SpecialCells
Debug.Print ws.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell).Column
Set lastColumn = ws.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell).EntireColumn 

'Get Last Column with Data in Worksheet using Find
Debug.Print Debug.Print ws.Cells.Find(What:="*", _
        After:=ws.Cells(1), _
        Lookat:=xlPart, _
        LookIn:=xlFormulas, _
        SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _
        SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _
        MatchCase:=False).Column
Set lastColumn = Debug.Print ws.Cells.Find(What:="*", _
        After:=ws.Cells(1), _
        Lookat:=xlPart, _
        LookIn:=xlFormulas, _
        SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _
        SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _
        MatchCase:=False).EntireColumn

Last Column in Worksheet UsedRange

vba last used column usedrange
Last Used Column in Worksheet UsedRange

To get the Last Column in the Worksheet UsedRange we need to use the UsedRange property of an VBA Worksheet.

'Get Last Column in Worksheet UsedRange
Dim lastColumn as Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet
Debug.Print ws.UsedRange.Columns(ws.UsedRange.Columns.Count).Column
Set lastColumn = ws.UsedRange.Columns(ws.UsedRange.Columns.Count).EntireColumn
The UsedRange represents a Range used by an Excel Worksheet. The Used Range starts at the first used cell and ends with the most right, down cell that is used by Excel. This last cell does not need to have any values or formulas as long as it was edited or formatted in any point in time

VBA Last Cell

The Last Cell may as be interpreted as:

Last Cell in a series of data

vba last cell in data series
Last Cell in data series

To get the Last Cell in a series of data (table with non-blank values) we need to use the End property of an Excel VBA Range.

Dim lastCell as Range

'Get Last Cell in a series of data
Dim lastCell as Range
Set lastCell = Range("A1").End(xlRight).End(xlDown)
Debug.Print "Row: " & lastCell.row & ", Column: " & lastCell.column

Last Cells with Data in Worksheet

vba last cell in worksheet
Last Cell with data in Worksheet

To get the Last Cell with data in a Worksheet we need to use the SpecialCells or Find properties of an Excel VBA Range.

Dim lastCell as Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet

'Get Last Cell with Data in Worksheet using SpecialCells
Set lastCell = ws.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell)
Debug.Print "Row: " & lastCell.row & ", Column: " & lastCell.column

'Get Last Cell with Data in Worksheet using Find
Set lastColumn = Debug.Print ws.Cells.Find(What:="*", _
        After:=ws.Cells(1), _
        Lookat:=xlPart, _
        LookIn:=xlFormulas, _
        SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _
        SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _
        MatchCase:=False)
Debug.Print "Row: " & lastCell.row & ", Column: " & lastCell.column

Last Cell in Worksheet UsedRange

vba last cell in usedrange
Last Cell in UsedRange

To get the Last Cell in the Worksheet UsedRange we need to use the UsedRange property of an VBA Worksheet.

'Get Last Cell in Worksheet UsedRange
Dim lastCell as Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet

Set lastCell = ws.UsedRange.Cells(ws.UsedRange.Rows.Count,ws.UsedRange.Columns.Count)
Debug.Print "Row: " & lastCell.row & ", Column: " & lastCell.column
The UsedRange represents a Range used by an Excel Worksheet. The Used Range starts at the first used cell and ends with the most right, down cell that is used by Excel. This last cell does not need to have any values or formulas as long as it was edited or formatted in any point in time

VBA UsedRange

vba usedrange
The UsedRange in a Worksheet with not Values or Formulas

The VBA UsedRange represents the area reserved and saved by Excel as the currently used Range on and Excel Worksheet. The UsedRange constantly expands the moment you modify in any way a cell outside of the previously Used Range of your Worksheet.

The UsedRange is not reduced if you Clear the Contents of Range. The only way to reduce a UsedRange is to delete the unused rows and columns.

How to check the UsedRange

The easiest way to check the currently UsedRange in an Excel Worksheet is to select a cell (best A1) and hitting the following key combination: CTRL+SHIFT+END. The highlighted Range starts at the cell you selected and ends with the last cell in the current UsedRange.

Often bloated, large Excel files are effects of misuse of UsedRange. If you want to know more about reducing Excel file size read my post

Check UsedRange in VBA

Use the code below to check the area of the UsedRange in VBA:

Dim lastCell As Range, firstCell As Range, ws As Worksheet
Set ws = ActiveSheet
    
Set lastCell = ws.UsedRange.Cells(ws.UsedRange.Rows.Count, ws.UsedRange.Columns.Count)
Set firstCell = ws.UsedRange.Cells(1, 1)
Debug.Print "First Cell in UsedRange. Row: " & firstCell.Row & ", Column: " & firstCell.Column
Debug.Print "Last Cell in UsedRange. Row: " & lastCell.Row & ", Column: " & lastCell.Column    

For the screen above the result will be:

First Cell in UsedRange; Row: 2, Column: 2
Last Cell in UsedRange; Row: 5, Column: 6

First UsedCell in UsedRange

The below will return get the first cell of the VBA UsedRange and print its row and column:

Dim firstCell as Range
Set firstCell = ws.UsedRange.Cells(1, 1)
Debug.Print "First Cell in UsedRange. Row: " & firstCell.Row & ", Column: " & firstCell.Column

Last UsedCell in UsedRange

The below will return get the first cell of the VBA UsedRange and print its row and column:

Dim lastCell as Range
Set lastCell = ws.UsedRange.Cells(ws.UsedRange.Rows.Count, ws.UsedRange.Columns.Count)
Debug.Print "Last Cell in UsedRange; Row: " & lastCell.Row & ", Column: " & lastCell.Column

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2 thoughts on “Excel VBA Last Row, Last Column, Last Cell”

  1. Great post, collecting a lot of useful information! I miss just a few piece: using SpecialCells actually returns the bottom right cell of UsedRange. Using Range.End works as expected only with contiguous range as it spoofs at the first empty cell.

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